Cultural Studies of Russian South № 2(81), 2021

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From the editor (in Russian)

The modern University of culture, in addition to educational and artistic and creative tasks solved within the framework of training personnel for the field of culture, is a research center capable of implementing complex scientific projects and creating innovative products. In the Year of Science and Technology, it becomes especially obvious that the effective activity of such centers provides support for the creative potential of the territory, the dynamic development of its human capital.

S.S. Zengin

Leading Article

pp. 7-15

Russia`s Representation in the Nobel Pantheon: the Sociocultural Component of the Prizes Held and Failed

During the one hundred-and-twenty years of the Nobel Prize, it remains the highest recognition of achievements in science, literature and peacekeeping. In connection with the special position of Russia in the modern world, an analysis of its representation in the “pantheon” of the winners is highly relevant. The chronology of the Nobel Prizes served as empirical material, in which the authors reveal the ever-increasing sociocultural, including geopolitical, component in the fate of the prizes that have and have not been awarded. 

Keywords: Nobel Prize, nomination and award criteria, sociocultural and geopolitical components.

Vardan G. Torosyan, Natalya K. Tyma

Theory and history of art

pp. 16-24

Russian Musical Myth: The History of the National Self-Consciousness

The article presents a view on the history of Russian music as the history of national identity. Based on the mythological theory of A.F. Losev, the author asserts the need for a metaphysical approach to the interpretation of musical phenomena, which is characterized by mythological and symbolic landmarks (for, according to A.F. Losev, music is a myth, a symbol and a number, and a myth is self-awareness). 

Keywords: Russian musical myth, history of national self-consciousness, metaphysical history of music, harmony, crisis, cultural cycle.

Natalya V. Beketova

pp. 24-31

Communicative Functions of Musical Intonation in Perception of Contemporary Music Works for Clarinet in China

The study examines the mechanisms of meaning formation and their perception on the example of the existence of works of modern Western European music for clarinet in China. The main problem of the research is to consider the peculiarities of the musical perception of “foreign-style” musical compositions written using experimental musical techniques and nontraditional methods of performance. 

Keywords: musical perception, experimental composition techniques, performing techniques, author’s remarks, works for clarinet.

Yang Liu, Svetlana A. Mozgot

pp. 31-39

Buddhism and the Aesthetics of Tan Dun’s Music

The article considers the works of Tan Dun, a modern Chinese composer, conductor, performer. The relevance of the topic is due to the insufficient study of the composer’s works along with his increased popularity in the field of composing film music, operas, symphonies and music of instrumental genres. In the study, two interrelated aims are set: 1) to correlate the complex, multi-component sphere of Chinese traditional musical art with the traditions of world classical culture; 2) to identify the composer’s creative decisions in an effort to bring his works closer to the modern media public. 

Keywords: Tan Dun, Buddhism, “organic music”, film music, principle of spatiality, timbre form, variation.

Oksana N. Beznisko, Zhou Shuyu

pp. 39-47

The Concert Russian Folk Orchestra Virtuosi of the Kuban: The Formation History and Creative Image Specifics

The article is devoted to the Russian folk orchestra Virtuosi of the Kuban, widely known in Krasnodar Krai and beyond. The publication is the first attempt at a scientific understanding of the activities of the creative team. The authors turn to the history of the emergence of the eminent orchestra, note the characteristic features of its creative “face”. In this regard, interesting facts related to the formation of the orchestra are mentioned. Among the latter are the history of choosing the name of the orchestra – Virtuosi, which is obliging in many respects, first rehearsals, as well as the successful, bright start of concert activity. 

Keywords: folk instrumental performance, Anatoly Vinokur, Virtuosi of the Kuban Russian folk orchestra, musical culture of Kuban, Krasnodar Philharmonic.

Elena V. Babenko, Alexandra P. Kovalenko

pp. 48-53

The Adyghe (Circassian) Theme in Works by Vladimir Messman

The article analyzes three symphonic works by Vladimir Messman – the Elegy-March, the First Adyghe Rhapsody, the Recollection of Adygea – created as a result of his acquaintance with the Adyghe musical traditional culture during the numerous ethnographic expeditions to the regions of the country. As a result of his work, Messman formed principles of handling ethnic material, created precedents for the inclusion of folklore primary sources in the musical fabric as quotations, pseudo-quotations, stylizations. 

Keywords: Vladimir Messman, symphonic creativity, Adyghe folklore, “cultural force”, ethnographic expedition.

Zareta V. Bakhtina

pp. 53-62

Mikhail Lavrovsky and Yury Grigorovich: On the History of Creative Collaboration in the Ballet Ivan the Terrible to the Music of Sergei Prokofiev

For the first time in academic literature, the article examines the creative collaboration of the premier ballet dancer Mikhail Lavrovsky and the choreographer Yury Grigorovich in the ballet Ivan the Terrible to the music of Sergei Prokofiev (Bolshoi Theater, 1975). The ballet has caused – and still causes – a huge international response, interest in the score and its ballet interpretation. The reference to Ivan the Terrible allows focusing on the following theme: the premier dancer acts a hero of the Russian historical epic thus showing the evolution of the traditional concept of the ballet hero in the musical theater of the 20th century. 

Keywords: Ivan the Terrible ballet, Russian epic, choreography, image, process, typology, score, drama, interpretation.

Lola A. Kochetkova

pp. 62-68

Tradition and Innovation in the Modern Interpretation of Classical Art

The article examines the opera Carmen by Georges Bizet staged by the Moscow director Konstantin Bogomolov. The opera premiered in the spring of 2021 at the Perm Tchaikovsky Opera and Ballet Theater, which determines the timeliness and relevance of referring to the topic indicated in the title of the article. The aim of the study is dictated by the need to assess this new staged version of Bizet’s opera in the context of historical and cultural dynamics.

Keywords: Carmen, interpretation, reinterpretation, consumer society, simulation.

Olga V. Ryzhankova, Zehuan Huang, Natalya B. Akoeva

pp. 69-79

Using the Virtual Reality Technology in Choreographic Art

The virtual reality technology has become widespread in various fields of human activity, including in culture and art at the beginning of the 21st century. It is noted that there have appeared numerous examples of the use of software and hardware of the virtual reality technology in the creation and implementation of choreographic productions, and as an additional tool for training dancers. The article analyzes the virtual reality technology used in the implementation of choreographic performances, as well as in the process of teaching dance art. 

Keywords: art history, virtual reality, subtechnologies, 3D format, specialized headsets, choreographic performances, ballet, dance.

Nadezhda G. Politskovaya, Vera P. Prokoptsova

pp. 79-87

Ex-Libris of Female Artists in the Collection of the Krasnodar Regional Art Museum Named after F.A. Kovalenko

The article considers female artists’ ex-libris stored in the funds of the Krasnodar Regional Art Museum named after F.A. Kovalenko (KRAM). The relevance of the topic is due to the need to search for and use modern approaches in the study of museum collections. In most studies, the funds of art museums are analyzed according to the historicalchronological, type, genre, thematic approaches, or their combinations. 

Keywords: museum, ex-libris, female artists, fund research, collector.

Dina I. Konkina, Marina P. Sobol

pp. 88-95

The Caucasus Landscapes of Alexander Kiselev: On Their Role in the Culture of the Region

The article discusses the influence of impressions from the Caucasus and the Black Sea coast of Russia on the creative process of the artist Alexander Kiselev (1838–1911). The article describes how the artist’s life and work in this region affected his oeuvre and activities. Information on Kiselev’s available paintings of the Caucasian period is analyzed. The cultural heritage of this period of his life and work is characterized. The role of the artist in the development of the Tuapse posad at the turn of the 20th centuries is shown. The significance of further studies of paintings by Kiselev is evaluated.

Keywords: Caucasus, Black Sea coast, cultural heritage, Alexander Kiselev, Tuapse, painting.

Evgeniya M. Utkina, Vladimir V. Latkin

pp. 95-102

Interdisciplinary Synthesis of Theory and Practice in the Moulage Modeling of Costumes

The relevance of the topic lies in the importance of the skill of costume modeling, which contributes to the expansion of the boundaries of creative consciousness, the formation of the design conception, develops an understanding of form and space, a good eye and dexterity in creating elegant lines, fancy details and products. The authors conducted a study of the complex shape and cut of the dress from the Alexander McQueen collection by the moulage method of modeling on a mannequin. Moulaging develops creative thought, the ability to understand the nature of the cut, the change in the geometry of its lines depending on the features of the human figure and the plasticity of the material. 

Keywords: moulage method, pattern making, clothing, collection, design, costume, layout.

Irina N. Ivashchenko, Ulyana D. Vasenkova

Theory and history of culture

pp. 103-111

The Problem of the Culturological Dimension of Sport as a Sociocultural Phenomenon

The article analyzes the current situation with the culturological scientific understanding of the sociocultural phenomenon of sport, and actualizes the related problems. Arousing the well-deserved researchers’ interest, this phenomenon is considered in the absence of justified methodological instruments in the field of culturological knowledge. In the various dimensions of sport proper, sociological, political, philosophical and many other approaches, the sociocultural phenomenon of sport acquires different, sometimes opposite meanings. 

Keywords: phenomenon of sport, cultural dimensions, conceptual approach, interpretations, postmodernity, axiology.

Mikhail K. Naidenko, Elizaveta A. Naidenko, Anna V. Tonkovidova

pp. 111-118

Club Activities and Synergistic Mechanisms of Culture

The changes in Russian society have not only a private, but also a general, civilizational, scale. This involves a post-industrial trend – informatization, “leisure society”. The relevance of the topic is determined by the theoretical and practical need to study the evolution and transformation of Russian society under the influence of synergy and modernization of clubs. The subject of the study is the synergetic mechanisms of society in culture.

Keywords: club activities, leisure time, civil society, culture, social synergy.

Svetlana I. Shoshina

pp. 118-125

Fine Art of the Small Peoples Engaged in Forest Hunting in the Amur River Basin

This article aims to characterize the features and present the typology of the fine art of small ethnic groups living and carrying out their practical activities in the Amur River basin. The authors’ attention is focused on the samples of cultures of three tribal peoples – the Daurs, the Oroqens and the Evenks, which have similarities in terms of living conditions, way of life and the main commercial occupation – forest hunting. The classification is based on the typological principle of fine art, in particular, each type of fine art inherent in a particular nationality (painting, architectural modeling, sculpture, paper cutting, modeling, etc.) is described. 

Keywords: Evenks, Oroqens, Daurs, ethnic minorities of Russia and China, fine art of small ethnic groups.

Zhongfeng Fu, Guo Yang

pp. 125-143

Priorities of Student Volunteers in the Culture of the Region: On the Example of a Survey of Students of Kabardino-Balkaria

The relevance of the analysis of the experimental method for assessing young people’s priorities for characterizing the culture of the region is due to the desire to integrate cultural studies with the latest qualitative methods. The TQM philosophy assumes the interconnection of the management of economic and sociocultural processes. From the standpoint of the theory of culture, the system of higher education is a social institution that designs the paradigm of cultural development. The potential of culture as a system of historically developing suprabiological programs of human life depends on what priorities of personality development are formed in the organizational conditions of the university as a whole. The object of the research is the set of values (priorities) of student volunteers in Kabardino-Balkaria. 

Keywords: theory of culture, culture of region, values, youth culture, priorities, students, volunteers, motivation, methodology.

Fatimat V. Tsraeva, Anatoly I. Rakhaev